福彩3D类型走势图

福彩3D类型走势图 关于我们新闻资讯行业资讯

为什么你的项目范围总在蔓延

  • 2019-06-28

  • JIEWEIKEJI

XIANGMUFANWEIMANYANHAOBI618NIBENLAIZHIXIANGMAIYIGELANYAYINXIANG,JIEGUOGUANGZHEGUANGZHE,ZHEILIDIANDIAN,NEILIKANKAN,BUXIAOXINZHONGCAOLEYIDABOSHUMACHANPIN,XIAGEYUEDEHUABEIHAIKUANEZHIBIWANYUANDAGUAN!

XIANGMUFANWEIMANYANYOUSHENMEHUAICHU?JIXUSHANGMIANZHEIGELIZI,GOUWUYUSUANYANZHONGCHAOZHI,BUJINHUIYANZHONGYINGXIANGJIEXIALAIDESHENGHUOZHILIANG,RUGUOYUNQIBUHAOZAISHENGGEXIAOBING,XIANGDANGYUYIGEXIAOXINGCAIWUKUNJINGLE。

FANYINGZAIXIANGMUZHONG,XIANGMUMANYANHUIWUQINGDIXIAOHAOXIANGMUZIYUAN,YINGXIANGFANWEINEIDEGONGZUODEYOUXIAOWANCHENG,JIHUATUANDUIMAODUN,DAOZHIZHURUTUANDUIJIABAN、PMBEIGUODENGQINGKUANGCHUXIAN,YANZHONGYINGXIANGTUANDUISHIQIHEXIANGMUDEJIAOFU。

MEIYOUXIANGMUJINGLIXIHUANFANWEIMANYAN(CHUFEIJIAmoney),DANWEISHAXIANGMUMANYANXIANXIANGHAISHINANYIBIMIANNI?ZAOCHENGXIANGMUMANYANDEYUANYIN,ZHUYAOSHIYINWEI:

1、 项目范围描述不清楚

XIANGMUFANWEIMIAOSHUSHIGUANLIXIANGMUFANWEIDEDIYIBU,RUGUOZHEIYIBUMEIDINGYIQINGCHU,JIUXIANGDANGYUJIXIANGMUFANWEIGUANLIMAIXIALEYIKEDINGSHIZHADAN。

JUGELIZI, PMXIAOZHANGZAIWEIKEHUZUOYIGEXIANGMUGUANLIXITONG,BIANYUXIANGMUGUANLI。ZHEISHIKEHUTICHU,KEYIZENGJIAYIGEGONGNENGYONGQILAIGENGFANGBIAN,QIESHIXIANNANDUYEBUDA,XIAOZHANGJIUTONGYILEZHEIGEQINGQIU。KEHUSHIYONGGAIGONGNENGDESHIHOU,FEICHANGMANYI!KESHIHAOJINGBUZHANG,GUOYIDUANSHIJIANKEHUYOUTICHULEYIGEXINDEXUQIU,XIAOZHANGXIANGJUJUE,KEHUMASHANGJIUYOUDIANBUKAIXINLE,SHANGCIBUSHISHUOJIAJIUJIALEME,ZHEICIZENMEJIUJIABULENI?XIAOWANGZHINENGYINGZHETOUPIZUO,HOULAIXIANGMUZUZHINENGGENJUYONGHUDEXINXUQIUBUDUANQUKAIFAXINDEGONGNENG。BIANCHENGLEYIGEWUDIDONG,JIEGUOXIANGMUBUJINMEIYOUJISHIJIAOFU,XIANGMUCHENGYUANHAILEIDEJINPILIJIN,KEHUHAIBUMAIZHANG,MANPANJIESHU。

XIANRAN,ZHEIWEIXIANGMUJINGLIFANLEZUIYANZHONGDECUOWU。YIKAISHIJIUMEIYOUHENMINGQUEDIJIEDINGZHENGGEXIANGMUDEFANWEI,YOUMEIYOUYITAOWANSHANDEBIANGENGKONGZHIGUANLILIUCHENG,ZAIFANWEIMEIYOUMINGQUEJIEDINGDEQINGKUANGXIA,RENYOUKEHUZENMESHUOJIUZENMEZUO,YIKAISHIYOUXIGUIZEMEIYOUDINGHAO,CONGERDAOZHIZHENGGEXIANGMUCHENGLEYIGELANTANZI。

2、客户和项目组对写成纸面文件的需求理解不一致

福彩3D类型走势图ZAIXIANGMUZHONG,ZHEIZHONGXIANGMUMANYANXIANXIANGGENGWEIYINBI。JIYOUYUKEHUHEXIANGMUZUDUIXUQIUDELIJIEBUYIZHI,ZAIZUOXIANGMUDEGUOCHENGZHONG,XUYAOSHIBUSHIDIZUODIAOZHENG、GAIXUQIU,XIANGMUJINGLIBEIDONGJIESHOUERZAOCHENGDEFANWEIMANYAN。

福彩3D类型走势图LIRU,NIKENENGHUIPENGDAOZHEIYANGDEKEHU,GONGNENGZUODAOYIBAN,JIEGUOKEHUBIAOSHI“SHENME?ZHEIGEGONGNENGSHIZHEIYANGDEME?WOMENDANGCHUSHUODEBUSHIZHEIYANGDEA!BUXING,KENENGXUYAOZHONGXINGAIYIXIA。”

福彩3D类型走势图PENGDAOZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGJIUSHIFENBENGKUILE,ZHEISHUOMINGQIANQIDEGONGZUOZUODEDADOUSHIWUYONGGONG。ZHEIQISHIYESHIYIZHONGFANWEIMANYANHEZIYUANDELANGFEI。BIEKANZHEIZHISHIDUIYUANJIHUADEGONGNENGJINXINGYIXIEXIUGAI,DANSHIZHEIZHONGFANWEIMANYANHUIHAOFEIDALIANGDESHIJIANHEZIYUAN。YAOZHIDAOZAIXIANGMUZHONG,SUIYIZENGJIANAPASHIYIXIAOJIANGONGZUO,YEHUIXIAOHAOXIANGMUZIYUAN,JIZHENGGEXIANGMUDAILAIBUXIAODEGANRAO。

那么,在项目执行过程中,如何做好项目范围内的工作,防止范围蔓延呢?

一、项目启动阶段的变更预防

JIZHUNWENJIANDINGYIDEFANWEIYUEXIANGXIQINGXIYUEHAO。RUGUOXUQIUZUODEHAO,WENDANGQINGXIQIEYOUYOUKEHUQIANZI,NEIMEHOUQIKEHUTICHUDEBIANGENGJIUCHAOCHULEHETONGFANWEI,XUYAOLINGWAISHOUFEI。BUNENGRANGKEHUYANGCHENGJINGCHANGBIANGENGDEXIGUAN。

ZAIiMIS-PMXIANGMUGUANLIXITONG,KEJIANGLIXIANGGOUTONGGUOCHENGDEWENDANG:HETONG、XIEYI、XIANGMUSHUOMINGSHUWENJIAN、DUIWAIHUIYIJIYAODENG,SHANGCHUANDAOXITONGJINXINGTONGYIGUANLI,ZUOWEIWEILAIXIANGMUJUECEDEWENDANGJIZHUN。

二、范围分解

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比较常用的方式是以项目进度为依据划分WBS, iMIS-PM项目管理系统中:

(1)KEYIWUXIANJICHAIFENWBSRENWUJIHUA,GENJUXIANGMUGUIMOLAIZHUJIXIFENXIANGMUDEGUANLIKELIDU

(2)XIANGMUJIHUADERENHEYIGERENWUSHIJIANBIANGENG,ZHENGTIJIHUAHUIZIDONGJINXINGZHONGXINJISUANHEGENGXIN

福彩3D类型走势图(3)TONGGUORENWUSHUHEGANTETUJINXINGGUANLIXIANGMUJIEDUANJIHUA:XIANGMURENWUSHUKEZHIGUANXIANSHIRENWUZHIJIANDEFUZIGUANXI;GANTETUKEZHIGUANXIANSHIRENWUDEXIANHOUSHIJIANGUANXI

福彩3D类型走势图(4) KEYISHEZHIXIANGMURENWUDEQIANHOUZHIGUANXIYIJIXIANGMURENWUYULIUCHENG(WENDANG)DEJINDUWANCHENGGUANLIANGUANXI

JIYOUDADEXIANGMUCHENGGUOKUANGJIA,YENENGKANDAOMEICENGXIAMIANZAIBAGONGZUOFENJIE,FANGBIANZHIXINGGUOCHENGZHONGFAXIANYILOUHUODUOCHUDEBUFEN,FANGZHIXIANGMUMANYAN。

三、项目实施阶段的需求变更

福彩3D类型走势图CHENGGONGXIANGMUHESHIBAIXIANGMUDEQUBIEZAIYUXIANGMUDEZHENGGEGUOCHENGSHIFOUSHIKEKONGDE。XIANGMUJINGLIYINGGAISHULIYIGELINIAN——“XUQIUBIANGENGSHIBIRANDE、KEKONGDE、YOUYIDE”。RENZHENFENXIMEIYIGEBIANGENGQINGQIU,PINGGUBIANGENGKENENGDAILAIDEFENGXIANHEXIUGAIJIZHUNWENJIAN。SHEDINGYANGEDEBIANGENGBIAOZHUN。TONGSHIBIXUYOUYITAOGUIFANDECHULILIUCHENG。DUIYUXUQIUBIANGENGDECHULILIUCHENGYINGGAIFENYIXIABUZHOU:TICHUBIANGENG-BIANGENGPINGGU-SHISHIBIANGENG-XUQIUBIANGENGCHULILIUCHENG。

ZHEIGELIUCHENGZUIDADEYICHUZAINALI?BIANGENGLIUCHENGZUOWEIYIGEHUANCHONG,YUNXUZHENSHIDEBIANGENGBEIZHUYI、JILU、ZHUIZONG,TONGSHIXIANYOUDEGONGZUOYOUBUHUIYINCIERBEIRAOLUAN。XIANGMUZUKEYIZHOUQIXINGDIZANTINGLAIXISHOUZUIXINDEXUQIUBIANGENGJINXINGGENGXIN,TONGSHIYOUBUDALUANXIANYOUDEGONGZUOJIEZOU。

iMIS-PM项目管理系统福彩3D类型走势图,对于需求变更等,也可以通过项目流程进行控制,具体步骤如下:

(1)FAQIBIANGENGSHENQING:GENJUXIANGMUSHIJIQINGKUANGTICHUXIANGMUJIHUABIANGENGSHENQINGBIAO(BAOHANBIANGENGSHIYOU、SHIJIANJIHUABIANGENG、RENYUANJIHUABIANGENG、XIANGMUJIAOFUWUBIANGENGDENG)

(2) XIANGMUBIANGENGSHENPI:JIANDANDEBIANGENGYOUXIANGMUJINGLISHENPI,FUZADEBIANGENGXUTIJIAOYUSHEDEBIANGENGLIUCHENG(RUCAIWUYUSUANDEZENGJIA、SHEJIXUQIUBIANGENGDENG)。XIANGMUWENDANGKEYITIJIAOBIANGENG。XITONGJIANGZIDONGSHENGCHENGXINDEWENDANGBANBEN(WENDANGSHENGJI)

福彩3D类型走势图(3)ZHICHIYOUZERENRENLURUPEIZHIGUANLIBIAO(KEZIDINGYI),GENJUQIYESHIJIQINGKUANG,ZIDINGYIXIANGMUBIANGENGLIUCHENG,ZAIXIANGMUZHONGFAQIBIANGENGSHENQINGLIUCHENG

(4) BIANGENGLISHI: XITONGKEYIZAIXIANGMUBIANGENGLIEBIAOZHONGJIZHONGXIANSHISUOYOUXINFAQIDEHESHENPITONGGUODEXIANGMUBIANGENGQINGQIU。

QIAOBUSICENGSHUOGUO,ZUIZHONGYAODEJUEDINGBUSHINIYAOZUOSHENME,ERSHINIJUEDINGBUZUOSHENME。YIGEYOUXIUDEXIANGMUJINGLICONGSHANYUZHANGWOZHUDONGQUAN,BIMIANXIANGMUMANYANKAISHI!